Periodontitis or Gum Disease

Periodontitis is one of the most common diseases suffered by patients, regardless of their age. Although there are different degrees, the most severe cases can lead to tooth loss.

Periodontitis is an inflammation and infection of the ligaments and bones that support the teeth. It can range from simple gum inflammation to serious disease.

When gum inflammation or infection (called gingivitis) is left untreated and the problem becomes increasingly severe, it can cause teeth to become loose and eventually fall out.

Main causes of gingivitis and periodontitis

  • Smoking: in addition to increasing the risk of gum disease, it reduces the effectiveness of some treatments.
  • Poor oral hygiene and lack of professional care.
  • Hormonal changes in girls and women that make gums more sensitive.
  • Other diseases that weaken the gums, such as diabetes, osteoporosis or frequent virus infections.
  • Medications that reduce saliva flow.
  • Genetics.
  • Eating habits.


Periodontal disease can develop without showing symptoms, so it is very important to visit the dentist periodically for a general check-up. However, the symptoms that usually appear are:
  • Bleeding of the gum when eating or brushing teeth.
  • Pain, swelling and tenderness in the gums for no apparent reason.
  • Bad breath.
  • Looseteeth, teeth appear longer and longer, change in the pattern of the jaw.

Treatment of periodontitis

The first step is to remove bacteria from the periodontal pockets by scaling and root planing, which involves cleaning bacteria, plaque and calculus from the roots of the teeth.

In more advanced diseases, periodontal surgery is applied and in some cases it is necessary to extract one or more teeth. When active treatment ends, the disease must be under control (maintenance phase), which is essential to prevent recurrence after a period of time.

Can implant dentistry be applied to a person who has lost teeth due to periodontal disease?

The success of advanced implant dentistry makes dental implants a viable and effective alternative for tooth replacement in patients with periodontitis. However, prior to implant placement, periodontal disease must be properly treated to prevent further bone loss and the problem from spreading to the rest of the teeth, and the mouth must be healthy.

Implantology treatment must be performed and monitored by highly specialized professionals.

Consult basal and immediate load implants for more information.

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